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etcd集群故障处理

etcd安装

rpm -ivh etcd-3.2.15-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable etcd
systemctl start etcd
export ETCDCTL_API=3
systemctl status etcd

hosts如下

192.168.0.100 etcd01
192.168.0.101 etcd02
192.168.0.102 etcd03

etcd配置

etcd02配置如下,详细见kubernetes1.9版本集群配置向导

# egrep -v "^$|^#" /etc/etcd/etcd.conf 
ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/"
ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.0.101:2380"
ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.0.101:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379"
ETCD_NAME="etcd02"
ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.0.101:2380"
ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.0.101:2379"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd01=https://192.168.0.100:2380,etcd02=https://192.168.0.101:2380,etcd03=https://192.168.0.102:2380"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="etcd-cluster"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="existing"
ETCD_CERT_FILE="/etc/kubernetes/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_KEY_FILE="/etc/kubernetes/ssl/etcd-key.pem"
ETCD_CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="true"
ETCD_TRUSTED_CA_FILE="/etc/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem"
ETCD_AUTO_TLS="true"
ETCD_PEER_CERT_FILE="/etc/kubernetes/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_PEER_KEY_FILE="/etc/kubernetes/ssl/etcd-key.pem"
ETCD_PEER_CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="true"
ETCD_PEER_TRUSTED_CA_FILE="/etc/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem"
ETCD_PEER_AUTO_TLS="true"

故障报错

3个节点做集群,直接关机后,etcd02故障,报错:

etcd: advertise client URLs = https://192.168.0.101:2379
etcd: read wal error (wal: crc mismatch) and cannot be repaired
systemd: etcd.service: main process exited, code=exited, status=1/FAILURE

wal的cec校验出错,谷歌了一下,没什么结果,于是移除这个etcd,再恢复 在正常的etcd节点移除

# etcdctl member list
1ce6d6d01109192, started, etcd03, https://192.168.0.102:2380, https://192.168.0.102:2379
9b534175b46ea789, started, etcd01, https://192.168.0.100:2380, https://192.168.0.100:2379
ac2f188e97f50eb7, started, etcd02, https://192.168.0.101:2380, https://192.168.0.101:2379
# etcdctl member remove ac2f188e97f50eb7
Member ac2f188e97f50eb7 removed from cluster 194cd14a48430083

再启动etcd服务

# systemctl start etcd

报错:

etcd: error validating peerURLs {ClusterID:194cd14a48430083 Members:[&{ID:1ce6d6d01109192 RaftAttributes:{PeerURLs:[https://192.168.0.102:2380]} Attributes:{Name:etcd03 ClientURLs:[https://192.168.0.102:2379]}} &{ID:9b534175b46ea789 RaftAttributes:{PeerURLs:[https://192.168.0.100:2380]} Attributes:{Name:etcd01 ClientURLs:[https://192.168.0.100:2379]}}] RemovedMemberIDs:[]}: member count is unequal
etcd: the member has been permanently removed from the cluster the data-dir used by this member must be removed

etcd恢复数据

在etcd02节点恢复一下数据试试:

# mv /var/lib/etcd/member /var/lib/member
# rm -rf /var/lib/etcd/*
# etcdctl snapshot restore /var/lib/member/snap/db --skip-hash-check=true
2018-06-22 11:28:35.622666 I | mvcc: restore compact to 10177401
2018-06-22 11:28:35.659626 I | etcdserver/membership: added member 8e9e05c52164694d [http://localhost:2380] to cluster cdf818194e3a8c32
# systemctl start etcd

服务启动了,自己把自己选做主,服务倒是启动了,加入集群还是出错,用正常的节点备份再恢复

# etcdctl snapshot save etcdback.db

# etcdctl member add etcd02 http://192.168.0.101:2380
Error: member name not provided.

看看现在集群的其他2个etcd

# curl -k --key /etc/kubernetes/ssl/etcd-key.pem --cert /etc/kubernetes/ssl/etcd.pem https://192.168.0.100:2380/members
[{"id":130161754177048978,"peerURLs":["https://192.168.0.102:2380"],"name":"etcd03","clientURLs":["https://192.168.0.102:2379"]},{"id":11192361472739944329,"peerURLs":["https://192.168.0.100:2380"],"name":"etcd01","clientURLs":["https://192.168.0.100:2379"]}]

参考文档: etcdctl member add etcd_name –peer-urls=”https://peerURLs” 再次添加

# etcdctl member add etcd02 --peer-urls="https://192.168.0.101:2380"
Member 41c2a7b938a5e387 added to cluster 194cd14a48430083
 
ETCD_NAME="etcd02"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd03=https://192.168.0.102:2380,etcd02=https://192.168.0.101:2380,etcd01=https://192.168.0.100:2380"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="existing"

查看etcd member状态:

# etcdctl member list
1ce6d6d01109192, started, etcd03, https://192.168.0.102:2380, https://192.168.0.102:2379
9b534175b46ea789, started, etcd01, https://192.168.0.100:2380, https://192.168.0.100:2379
ad17c3da831c84c7, unstarted, , https://192.168.0.101:2380,

报错:

etcd: request cluster ID mismatch (got 194cd14a48430083 want cdf818194e3a8c32)

发现步骤顺序错误,应该是先添加到etcd集群,再启动etcd服务,我们现在先启动etcd服务,就是一个etcd单点

etcd节点加入集群

故障的etcd主机:

# systemctl stop etcd

正常的etcd主机:

# etcdctl member remove ad17c3da831c84c7
# etcdctl member add etcd02 --peer-urls="https://192.168.0.101:2380"
Member 41c2a7b938a5e387 added to cluster 194cd14a48430083
 
ETCD_NAME="etcd02"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd03=https://192.168.0.102:2380,etcd02=https://192.168.0.101:2380,etcd01=https://192.168.0.100:2380"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="existing"

故障的etcd主机,启动etcd后,再查看etcd状态:

# 先删除错误节点的数据
# rm -rf /var/lib/etcd/member
# systemctl start etcd
# 等待一会,这时候会同步数据,稍等再查看节点状态
# etcdctl endpoint health
127.0.0.1:2379 is healthy: successfully committed proposal: took = 24.52485ms
# etcdctl member list
1ce6d6d01109192, started, etcd03, https://192.168.0.102:2380, https://192.168.0.102:2379
41c2a7b938a5e387, started, etcd02, https://192.168.0.101:2380, https://192.168.0.101:2379
9b534175b46ea789, started, etcd01, https://192.168.0.100:2380, https://192.168.0.100:2379

到这里,etcd故障修复完毕

etcd常用命令

查看状态

# export ETCDCTL_API=3
 
# etcdctl endpoint status --write-out=table
+----------------+------------------+---------+---------+-----------+-----------+------------+
|    ENDPOINT    |        ID        | VERSION | DB SIZE | IS LEADER | RAFT TERM | RAFT INDEX |
+----------------+------------------+---------+---------+-----------+-----------+------------+
| 127.0.0.1:2379 | 41c2a7b938a5e387 |  3.2.15 |   15 MB |      true |       317 |   11051403 |
+----------------+------------------+---------+---------+-----------+-----------+------------+

备份及恢复

etcdctl snapshot save etcdback.db
etcdctl snapshot status etcdback.db --write-out=table
etcdctl snapshot restore etcdback.db --skip-hash-check=true

etcd监控

# curl -L http://localhost:2379/metrics
# HELP etcd_debugging_mvcc_keys_total Total number of keys.
# TYPE etcd_debugging_mvcc_keys_total gauge
etcd_debugging_mvcc_keys_total 776
# HELP etcd_debugging_mvcc_pending_events_total Total number of pending events to be sent.
# TYPE etcd_debugging_mvcc_pending_events_total gauge
etcd_debugging_mvcc_pending_events_total 0
# HELP etcd_debugging_mvcc_put_total Total number of puts seen by this member.
# TYPE etcd_debugging_mvcc_put_total counter
etcd_debugging_mvcc_put_total 9.548201e+06
# HELP etcd_debugging_mvcc_range_total Total number of ranges seen by this member.
# TYPE etcd_debugging_mvcc_range_total counter
etcd_debugging_mvcc_range_total 2.1052143e+07
# HELP etcd_debugging_mvcc_slow_watcher_total Total number of unsynced slow watchers.
# TYPE etcd_debugging_mvcc_slow_watcher_total gauge
etcd_debugging_mvcc_slow_watcher_total 0
# HELP etcd_debugging_mvcc_txn_total Total number of txns seen by this member.
# TYPE etcd_debugging_mvcc_txn_total counter
etcd_debugging_mvcc_txn_total 0
# HELP etcd_debugging_mvcc_watch_stream_total Total number of watch streams.
# TYPE etcd_debugging_mvcc_watch_stream_total gauge
etcd_debugging_mvcc_watch_stream_total 125
# HELP etcd_debugging_mvcc_watcher_total Total number of watchers.
# TYPE etcd_debugging_mvcc_watcher_total gauge
etcd_debugging_mvcc_watcher_total 125
# HELP etcd_debugging_server_lease_expired_total The total number of expired leases.
# TYPE etcd_debugging_server_lease_expired_total counter
etcd_debugging_server_lease_expired_total 3649

适合用prometheus监控

global:
  scrape_interval: 10s
scrape_configs:
  - job_name: etcd
    static_configs:
    - targets: ['192.168.0.100:2379','192.168.0.101:2379','192.168.0.102:2379']

图解raft算法

etcd获取kubernetes的数据

# export ETCDCTL_API=3
# etcdctl get /registry/namespaces/default --prefix -w json|python -m json.tool
{
    "count": 1,
    "header": {
        "cluster_id": 1823062066148343939,
        "member_id": 11192361472739944329,
        "raft_term": 317,
        "revision": 10880816
    },
    "kvs": [
        {
            "create_revision": 6,
            "key": "L3JlZ2lzdHJ5L25hbWVzcGFjZXMvZGVmYXVsdA==",
            "mod_revision": 6,
            "value": "azhzAAoPCgJ2MRIJTmFtZXNwYWNlEl8KRQoHZGVmYXVsdBIAGgAiACokOTVlNzdjMWEtM2Q1Ny0xMWU4LTk5YzItMDA1MDU2YmU3NWEzMgA4AEIICK7qttYFEAB6ABIMCgprdWJlcm5ldGVzGggKBkFjdGl2ZRoAIgA=",
            "version": 1
        }
    ]
}

查看key的内容

# echo L3JlZ2lzdHJ5L25hbWVzcGFjZXMvZGVmYXVsdA== |base64 -d
/registry/namespaces/default
#!/bin/bash
# Get kubernetes keys from etcd
export ETCDCTL_API=3
keys=`etcdctl get /registry --prefix -w json|python -m json.tool|grep key|cut -d ":" -f2|tr -d '"'|tr -d ","`
for x in $keys;do
  echo $x|base64 -d|sort
done

获取etcd中kubernetes所有对象的key

etcd理论 手把手教你学习 etcd

2018年06月24日 于 linux工匠 发表